About Uluru and Kata Tjuta

You're sure to learn something new from these amazing facts about Uluru and Kata Tjuta.

  • How high is Uluru?

    Uluru rises 348 metres above the plain, more than 860 metres above sea level. That's higher than the Eiffel Tower in Paris or the Chrysler Building in New York.

  • How wide is Uluru?

    If you walk right around the base of Uluru, you'll find it has a circumference of 9.4 kilometres. That's about 5.8 miles.

  • When did Uluru become a national park?

    In 1950 Ayers Rock, today known as Uluru, was declared a national park. In 1958 both Ayers Rock and Mt Olga (Kata Tjuta) were excised from an Aboriginal reserve to form the Ayers Rock Mt Olga National Park. It took more than 35 years campaigning for Anangu to be recognised as the park's traditional owners and given the deeds back to their land.

  • Who owns Uluru?

    Anangu own all of Uluru and Kata Tjuta and lease it back to Parks Australia to be jointly managed as a national park. This arrangement first came into place in October 1985, in an historic moment known today as handback.

    Find out more on handback.

  • What does joint management mean?

    Since 1985, Anangu and Parks Australia have worked together as partners to manage the park. Now we are living together, white people and black people. We are working together, white and black, equal. Everything at Uluru and Kata Tjuta is guided by Tjukurpa, our law. Anangu.

  • How long have Aboriginal people lived in Uluru?

    Anangu have lived and managed this country for thousands upon thousands of years. Archaeological evidence shows Aboriginal people have lived in Central Australia for at least 30,000 years.

  • Do Aboriginal people still live traditionally?

    Uluru is a living cultural landscape. Anangu are guided by Tjukurpa (law) to keep both culture and country strong. This is something that has never changed. If you visit Uluru you may see people dot painting, performing inma (traditional dance and song), telling stories or gathering bush tucker.

  • How old is Uluru's rock art?

    The symbolism used in Uluru's rock art is thought to date back at least 5,000 years. Anangu have a living culture, this symbolism is still used in sand painting, wooden craft making, body painting and modern artworks today.

    Find out more on Anangu art

  • How high is Kata Tjuta?

    The tallest dome of Kata Tjuta rises 546 metres above the plain, or 1,066 metres above sea level. That's the same size as the One World Trade Centre under construction in New York.

  • How hot does it get at Uluru?

    In summer it can get really hot. Temperatures can reach up to 47 degrees Celsius in summer, that's over 116 degrees Fahrenheit. But you might be surprised to learn that the park still gets around 307 millimetres of rainfall a year and temperatures can drop to minus seven degrees Celsius, 19 degrees Fahrenheit, on winter nights.

    Find out more on extreme temperatures.

  • How many different types of animals are there?

    Look out for 21 mammals, 73 reptiles, 178 birds and four frogs in the park. You are most likely to see birds and reptiles, look out for some colourful characters like the thorny devil and splendid fairy-wren.

  • How many different types of plants are there?

    More than 400 and many have traditional uses, see our bush tools and foods for more on our plants and animals.

  • Who was the first European to see Uluru and Kata Tjuta?

    In 1872 explorer Ernest Giles travelled to central Australia and saw Kata Tjuta. His benefactor, Baron Ferdinand von Mueller named it Mount Olga. The following year in 1873 explorer William Gosse became the first European to sight Uluru, naming it after the then Chief Secretary of South Australia, Sir Henry Ayers.

    Find out more on non-aboriginal history.

  • How many people visit Uluru each year?

    Each year more than 250,000 people visit the park from all around the world.